Non-communicable diseases (NCDs) are chronic conditions that are not caused by infectious agents and are not spread from person to person. These diseases are often long-lasting and progress slowly over time. They are sometimes referred to as chronic diseases and are the leading cause of death worldwide.
Some common examples of non-communicable diseases include cardiovascular diseases such as heart attacks and strokes, cancers, chronic respiratory diseases such as asthma and chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD), and diabetes. NCDs are often linked to lifestyle factors, including unhealthy diets, physical inactivity, tobacco use, and excessive alcohol consumption. Effective prevention and management strategies can help reduce the impact of these diseases and improve the quality of life for those affected.